Offensive Line's Age versus Offensive Success

Offensive Line's Age versus Offensive Success

Submitted by The Wagon on November 18th, 2013 at 12:10 PM

Introduction

Amidst all of Michigan's offensive struggles this year, the relative youth of our offensive line, particularly along the interior, has been a constant concern. Regardless of which side you fall on in the "Execution vs. Play-Calling" debate, you probably agree that having 6 combined years of experience between our three interior linemen is part of the issue. While the interior will hopefully improve next year with another year under each of their belts, Michigan will be losing it's two 5th year senior tackles.

With this in mind, I attempted to quantify the impact that an offensive line's experience has on a team's offensive success. Can Michigan expect to improve it's offensive output next season? How painful will it be to lose Lewan and Schofield?

Methodology

I used depth charts from Rivals' database (they seemed more or less up to date) to get average experience (defined by academic standing) for each team in the Big 10's OL as a whole as well as split up by subgroup (T, G, C). I then drew scatter plots comparing those ages to overall YPA and rushing/passing YPA.

After seeing the initial results, I had to remove Purdue since they have the oldest OL and yet the worst offense by nearly two standard deviations. Some other teams were lesser outliers (Michigan, Indiana) but with such a small sample I didn't want to remove them too.

Results

Michigan has a young, but not absurdly so, offensive line. Of course, they are helped tremendously by Lewan and Schofield. They have a very young interior though, with 6 combined years of experience. Iowa's interior is second youngest at 8 combined years, and their offense isn't exactly instilling fear across the nation either. photo Exp_zpse959b45c.jpg

Purdue sucks. Wisconsin, OSU, and Indiana are really good. The rest of the Big 10 is mediocre. No news here.

 photo YPA_zps5447b8e3.jpg

Below are a series of scatterplots comparing the age of each Big 10 team's OL (and it's subgroups) to the offense's YPA (passing and rushing.

 

 photo OLYPA_zps2c096e0c.jpg photo OLPYPA_zps1a4b1b9a.jpg

 photo OLRYPA_zpsad2754b3.jpg

Overall, the age of the offensive line seems to have little to no impact on overall yards per play. In the Big 10, it has a slight positive impact on rushing yards but actually has a slight negative impact on passing yards. The negative impact on Passing YPA is mainly due to Michigan and Indiana, two teams with young OLs but high Passing YPA. In general though, these are pretty low R-squared values and don't seem to show much.

 photo TYPA_zps06a8b07f.jpg

 photo TPYPA_zps66b6a50e.jpg photo TRYPA_zps0574f29f.jpg

Tackles seem to have almost no impact on YPA, whether in the air or on the ground. This is probably largely a function of the sample, where 7 of the 11 teams have tackles with 7 combined years of experience. If I remove Indiana, the impact on Passing YPA becomes more meaningful, which makes sense given tackles' roles in pass protection. Michigan is wholly responsible for dragging down the Rushing YPA graph.

 photo GYPA_zps4e653829.jpg

 photo GPYPA_zps3e823d47.jpg photo GRYPA_zpsbefc11cb.jpg

Again, guards' ages don't show much impact on YPA according to R-squared, although you can see an upward trend here at least. Even removing Michigan's young guards results in guard age having a negative correlation with passing YPA which is surprising. The rushing YPA graph makes sense at least, showing a relatively strong R-squared value.

 photo CYPA_zps42f4c5f7.jpg

 photo CPYPA_zpsb529d2da.jpg

 photo CRYPA_zps82c8ad16.jpg

Center experience shows by far the strongest relationship between age and YPA. This makes sense both because of center's importance to the OL as well as the complexity of the position requiring some experience to learn. The entirety of that influence comes on the ground, with center's age meaning nothing to passing YPA.

Conclusions

Before attempting to draw any conclusions, I think a few caveats must be stated:

  1. This analysis looks strictly at academic standing as a measure of experience. That means that a RS senior starting for the first time is viewed as more experienced than a true junior in his third year of starting.
  2. This analysis ignores all positions other than OL. As we saw last season at Michigan, for example, a dynamic QB can make up for a youthful offensive line. It also overlooks TEs, which in a system like Michigan's are also a vital part of the OL.
  3. The sample size is pretty thin. If I had more time, I'd like to do this for a large group - maybe the top 25 teams or something.

The above aside, I still think there are some interesting takeaways from this analysis.

  1. Offensive line experience matters in the run game. OSU and Wisconsin have the top two offenses in terms of YPA and 2 of the 4 most experienced lines. In particular, their rushing attacks average over a yard more per attempt than any other team.
  2. Offensive line experience does not seem to matter as in the air. While Indiana's passing YPA may be a function of it's system, Minnesota and Illinois have respectable averages with relatively young lines.
  3. Michigan's rushing game should improve next year (how can it get any worse...). Both guard and center experience correlate with rushing YPA. Losing their tackles doesn't appear to have much impact based on this analysis.
  4. Michigan's passing game is not necessarily doomed next year. The data doesn't show much one way or another, but tackle experience at least is not strongly correlated with offensive success in this sample.

Any thoughts/feedback are welcome.

Graphical Analysis of OSU points vs Michigan

Graphical Analysis of OSU points vs Michigan

Submitted by BornInAA on November 24th, 2010 at 7:41 PM

I did a graph of Michigan points scored vs OSU points scored over the last 100+ years:

Note that the longer a coaching staff exists, the more points OSU scores - these are the red trendlines.

Also note that at or just after a coaching change, the OSU points scored decreases dramatically - these are the green arrows.

Major Points of Inflection:

1938 hire of Herbert O. Crisler   (0.816 win %)

1968 hire of Glen (Bo) Schembechler   (0.802 win %)

1990 hire of Gary O. Moeller   (0.771 win %)

Note the Carr (0.763), Oosterbaan (0.656) and Elliott (0.548) did not make a blip in the general trend.

Also note that when the OSU score pushes past 30, in coach change occurs, the exception being the 2nd year of Elliot, where the 1st 50 points put on Elliot did not cause a change, but the 2nd 50 pt clip resulted in the hiring of Bo.

Conclusions:

Coaching changes at Michigan tend to occur when OSU puts 30+ on Michigan, the last being 42 pts in 2006.

After the coaching change, points given to OSU tends to drop quickly.

Note: When RR was hired, OSU scored 42 and last year only 21 a 50% drop-off.